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Implementing and Monitoring Adaptation Activities

Background

Climate change is already a reality which affects all components of biodiversity: it changes species distribution, affects the timing of life events, increases the vulnerability of species and ecosystems and disrupts the supply of ecosystem services. As such, in addition to mitigation efforts, there is an urgent need to develop and implement climate change adaptation plans which both consider the adaptation needs of biodiversity and take advantage of biodiversity and associated ecosystem services when planning for adaptation across sectors.

Ecosystem-based adaptation is an emerging concept that consists in increasing the resilience and reducing the vulnerability of ecosystems and people in the face of climate change. It identifies and implements a range of strategies for the management, conservation, and restoration of ecosystems to provide services that enable people to adapt to the impacts of changing temperatures, precipitation patterns, sea level rise, CO2 concentrations and exposure to extreme events.

When integrated into an overall adaptation strategy, ecosystem-based adaptation can deliver a cost effective contribution to climate change adaptation and generate societal benefits. Many countries have implemented ecosystem-based projects, such as the mangrove restoration to mitigate storms and sea level rise effects, the establishment of marine protected areas to limit the negative impacts of coral bleaching or the selection of resistant crop varieties to adapt to extreme climate events. More examples and case studies are available in national reports and in the database below.

According to the lessons learned from these cases, important considerations for the implementation of adaptation plans include: establishing clear climatic and environmental baselines, ensuring adequate data availability, and selecting appropriate indicators of change. Implementing an adaptation activity is, however, only part of the process: continued monitoring of implementation is also necessary in order to facilitate adaptive management and learning-by-doing.

Case Studies


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Global Case Studies
Ecosystem-based approaches to adaptation and mitigation - good practice examples and lessons learned from Europe
Type: Case Study
Date Added: 28 Feb 2012
The report documents and analyses good practice examples of ecosystem-based approaches to climate change mitigation and adaptation in Europe. ...
USA - New Orleans: Preserving the wetlands to increase climate change resilience
Type: Case Study
Date Added: 19 Jul 2011
Inclusion of wetland conservation and restoration activities in the New Orleans Masterplan signals a significant change of flood-defence tactics in the region from an emphasis on levees and floodgates to the incorporation of more natural solutions. The focus on wetlands as a natural buffer responds ...
UK: Linking Biodiversity Action Plan and flood alleviation
Type: Case Study
Date Added: 19 Jul 2011
Restoration of Bishop Wood near Selby was a priority in the Selby Biodiversity Action Plan. By taking action to restore it to wet woodland, there was an opportunity to use the work to achieve flood attenuation measures related to nearby watercourses. Areas of the wood were identified as areas for wa...
Germany: Combating heat island and poor air quality with green aeration corridors in Stuttgart
Type: Case Study
Date Added: 19 Jul 2011
A Climate Atlas was developed for the Stuttgart region, presenting the distribution of temperature and cold air flows according to the city’s topography and land use. Based on this information, a number of planning and zoning regulations are recommended which aim to preserve open space and increase ...
Switzerland: Oberallmig Climate Protection Project
Type: Case Study
Date Added: 19 Jul 2011
The Climate, Community and Biodiversity Alliance (CCBA) is a partnership between leading companies, NGOs and research institutes seeking to promote integrated solutions to land management around the world. With this goal in mind, the CCBA has developed voluntary standards to help design and identify...
Ecosystem-based Adaptation by small-holder farmers in Sweden
Type: Case Study
Date Added: 19 Jul 2011
An informal network of small-holder farmers in Roslagen has found a niche in low-input agriculture, producing high-quality and organic products. They have developed a range of ecosystem-based practices that help manage change and adapt to uncertain conditions and disturbances. The farmers use local ...
Augustenborg, Malmö, Sweden: Retrofitting SUDS in an urban regeneration area
Type: Case Study
Date Added: 19 Jul 2011
Augustenborg underwent a significant regeneration between 1998 and 2002. The main drivers for this regeneration initiative were the difficult social and economic situation in the neighbourhood, flood risk management, waste management and biodiversity improvement. Signif...
Enhancing resiliency to drought in Kenya’s arid and semi-arid lands
Type: Case Study
Date Added: 19 Jul 2011
A pilot project has been undertaken that links together the provision of downscaled weather forecasts, improved agricultural practices, increased access to reliable water sources and the promotion of a revolving microcredit system for women’s self-help groups. The project’s interventions are contrib...
Nagoya: Adaptation to climate change driven by biodiversity conservation
Type: Case Study
Date Added: 19 Jul 2011
Sitting within the Biodiversity Strategy, the Water Revitalisation Plan aims to recharge ground water supplies by increasing infiltration through the use of green spaces. A crucial aspect of the Biodiversity Strategy is its implementation in close collaboration with the city’s residents, business an...
Restoration of saltmarsh through managed realignment of coastal defences along the North Sea coast of the UK
Type: Case Study
Date Added: 19 Jul 2011
This case study is an example of ecosystem restoration for the purpose of coastal flood risk reduction and habitat creation. Managed realignment describes the repositioning of an existing hard sea defence to a more landward location, allowing accommodation space for the creation of intertidal habita...
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Monitoring Tools

The database is a resource to identify tools to monitor adaptation activities so as to ensure efficacy and evaluate the actual impacts on biodiversity. Examples of successful adaptive management regimes are also presented.

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HABIT-CHANGE Project
Type: Case Study
Date Added: 4 Jan 2011
The project "Adaptive Management of Climate-induced Changes of Habitat Diversity in Protected Areas" (HABIT-CHANGE) is implemented within the INTERREG IV B CENTRAL EUROPE programme. The acronym of the project not only stands for the expected habitat changes caused by climate change but also for the ...
Monitoring Climate Change in the Arctic Coastal Plain
Type: Case Study
Date Added: 7 Oct 2009
Objectives: 1. To identify key regions for wildlife in the NPR-A and to gain protections for these areas in advance of development 2. To monitor climate change in the Arctic, assessing how sea ice is fading from this region and how that endangers polar bears and other wildlife ...
Observatory for Mangrove Monitoring and Evaluation Project
Type: Case Study
Date Added: 7 Oct 2009
Objectives: 1. Setting up of a tool for mangrove’s monitoring on ecologic and economic grounds 2. To provide a propitious framework for evaluation of projects and actions that have a direct or indirect impact on mangrove, thus setting out a reference framework on the functioning and ways to utili...
Monitoring of Coastal Area Erosion
Type: Case Study
Date Added: 7 Oct 2009
Objectives: Production of a synthesis of multidisciplinary knowledge on coastal erosion and the workings of the coastal environment with a view to finding a tool meant to help in decisionmaking Outcomes: Small-scale works to provide protection against coast erosion are carried out in critical lo...
Monitoring Drought and Food Security
Type: Case Study
Date Added: 7 Oct 2009
Outcomes: Ethiopia, with the help of the World Food Program, has an early warning system that monitors food shortages and communicates danger of famine. This system has been evolving since 1976. Currently, it is implemented by the Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Committee. The activities perfor...
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